Our Guide to Diabetic Neuropathy Self-Care

Medically Reviewed by:Scientific Advisory Board

Diabetic neuropathy is a condition that damages the nerves by causing numbness, pain, and tingling in the hands, feet, and sometimes other body parts. But fear not – with the right Diabetic Neuropathy self-care and management techniques, we can alleviate pain and reduce risk factors associated with diabetic neuropathy.

Neuropathy Selfcare

Implementing self-care will not only benefit our overall health but also improve our quality of life. We'll discuss some important steps to properly manage diabetic neuropathy and ways to incorporate these practices into our daily routines. So, let's dive in and explore how we can take control of our neuropathy symptoms and live a healthier, more comfortable life.

Of course, it's crucial to work with medical professionals for tailored advice and guidance. However, self-care can make a significant difference when it comes to managing diabetic neuropathy, and integrating these self-care tips into our lives can help us maintain our nerve health while keeping discomfort at bay.

Understanding Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes, affecting up to 50% of people with both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

It's a condition linked to nerve damage due to high blood sugar levels, and it can manifest in various ways. While there are multiple types of diabetic neuropathy, understanding the general aspects can help us manage it effectively.

To identify the primary types of diabetic neuropathy, we've created a list for easy reference:

  • Peripheral neuropathy: most common form, affecting hands, feet, and legs
  • Autonomic neuropathy: impacts internal organs such as the heart, kidneys, and digestive system
  • Proximal neuropathy: causes pain, usually in one side of the body, typically the thighs, hips, or buttocks
  • Focal neuropathy: targets a specific nerve, resulting in muscle weakness or pain

The specific causes of diabetic neuropathy are still not fully understood, but we do know that high blood sugar can damage nerve fibers.

This, in turn, impairs the ability of nerves to transmit signals. Additionally, nerve inflammation and blood vessel damage can contribute to the development of neuropathy in people with diabetes.

It's worth noting that each type of diabetic neuropathy has unique signs and symptoms. Some of the most common ones include:

  • Numbness or pain in the hands, feet, and legs
  • Problems with digestion and internal organs
  • Muscle weakness or paralysis

Managing blood sugar levels is crucial to prevent or slow the progression of diabetic neuropathy. Mastering this self-care skill requires attention to:

  1. Diet: maintaining a balanced meal plan that considers carbohydrates, proteins, and fats
  2. Exercise: incorporating daily physical activities into your schedule
  3. Medication: following your doctor's prescription and monitoring your blood sugar
  4. Stress management: finding strategies to help you cope with daily stressors

It's essential to work closely with your healthcare team in managing diabetes and its related complications, along with preventing or minimizing the impact of neuropathy. Regular check-ups, blood tests, and good communication with your doctor are crucial in this process. Implementing a well-thought-out self-care routine can go a long way in managing diabetic neuropathy and maintaining overall health.

Daily Self-Care Practices

Taking care of your health is crucial when living with diabetic neuropathy. By following consistent daily self-care routines, you'll be better equipped to manage your symptoms, reduce complications, and improve your overall well-being. Here are several essential daily self-care practices for individuals with diabetic neuropathy:

Monitor your blood sugar levels: Keeping track of your blood glucose levels helps you manage your diabetes effectively. It's recommended to test your blood sugar levels as often as your doctor advises.

Maintain a healthy diet: Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help you control your blood sugar levels. Try to limit your intake of added sugars and unhealthy fats, focusing on lean proteins and fiber.

  • Breakfast: Whole grain cereal with low-fat milk and fresh fruit
  • Lunch: Grilled chicken salad with a variety of colorful veggies
  • Dinner: Baked fish with brown rice and steamed vegetables
  • Snacks: Nuts, yogurt, or raw veggies with low-fat dip

Stay active: Exercise is important in managing your blood sugar levels and improving your nerve function. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week, such as brisk walking or cycling.

Take care of your feet: Good foot care is essential for individuals with diabetic neuropathy since this condition can lead to loss of sensation and delayed wound healing.

  • Inspect your feet daily for any blisters, cuts, or scrapes
  • Wash your feet with warm water and mild soap, then dry them thoroughly
  • Moisturize your feet to prevent dry skin and cracks
  • Wear well-fitted, comfortable shoes and socks, like those from Circufiber.com, which are medically proven to assist individuals with diabetes

Manage stress: Stress can contribute to increased blood sugar levels and worsen neuropathy symptoms. Develop effective stress management strategies, such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga.

Take your prescribed medications: Follow your doctor's instructions regarding any medications you're taking to manage your diabetes, neuropathy, or other related conditions. If you have any concerns about your medications, don't hesitate to consult your healthcare provider.

Incorporating these daily self-care practices into your routine can make a significant difference in managing diabetic neuropathy. Stay committed to your health, and remember to regularly consult with your healthcare team for the best possible outcomes.

Lifestyle Changes for Better Nerve Health

Adopting a healthy lifestyle can significantly alleviate diabetic neuropathy symptoms and improve overall nerve health. We'll discuss various adjustments that can make a positive impact on diabetic patients' lives.

Maintaining healthy blood sugar levels is crucial in managing diabetic neuropathy. Monitoring blood glucose and adjusting medications, as needed, helps prevent nerve damage and promotes better nerve function. Talk to your healthcare provider about setting achievable blood sugar targets and effective ways to achieve them.

Physical activity plays a significant role in managing diabetes and preserving nerve health. Incorporating regular exercise into your routine, such as walking, swimming, or yoga, boosts blood circulation and reduces high blood sugar levels. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week, along with strength training at least twice a week.

Proper nutrition is essential for diabetics to maintain healthy nerves. Here are some dietary tips for better nerve health:

  • Limit refined sugars and unhealthy fats
  • Eat fiber-rich foods, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Opt for lean protein sources, such as poultry, fish, and beans
  • Include healthy fats, like avocados, nuts, and olive oil

To reduce the risk of nerve damage further, manage high blood pressure, cholesterol, and other factors that contribute to nerve damage. Lifestyle changes and medications can help maintain optimal blood pressure, reducing the risk of neuropathy.

Quitting smoking significantly benefits nerve health since nicotine can negatively impact blood circulation. Seek assistance from healthcare providers, counselors, or support groups to help you quit smoking and improve your overall health.

Alcohol consumption may exacerbate neuropathy, so try to limit your alcohol intake or avoid it altogether. Guidelines suggest no more than one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men.

By implementing these lifestyle changes, you can effectively boost your nerve health and minimize diabetic neuropathy symptoms. Being proactive in managing diabetes and consistently adhering to healthy habits will greatly contribute to better nerve health and overall well-being.


We've covered a wide range of topics in our discussion about diabetic neuropathy self-care. Taking care of our feet, managing blood sugar, and staying active are just some of the essential aspects. It's important to remain proactive and committed to preserving our health.

We can't stress enough the significance of proper foot care. We need to:

  • Inspect our feet daily for any issues
  • Keep our feet clean and dry
  • Wear well-fitting, cushioned shoes
  • Avoid going barefoot
  • Use diabetic socks like those offered by Circufiber.com

Blood sugar management is crucial as well. We must:

  • Monitor our blood glucose levels regularly
  • Adhere to a well-balanced diet
  • Take medications as instructed by our healthcare provider
  • Attend regular check-ups

Regular physical activity helps maintain overall health and can slow down the progression of diabetic neuropathy. We should:

  • Engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week
  • Choose exercises that are low impact and safe for our feet
  • Consult a doctor or a physical therapist for guidance

Finally, never hesitate to seek professional help from healthcare providers. Our healthcare team is there to support and guide us through the complex journey of managing diabetic neuropathy.

With dedication and discipline, we can minimize the impact of this condition on our lives and improve our quality of life. So, let's be proactive and take control over our health today!

References and Sources:


More About Circufiber.com and Healthcare disclaimer:

Always consult your physician before beginning any program. This general information is not intended to diagnose any medical condition or to replace your healthcare professional. If you experience any pain or difficulty, stop and consult your healthcare provider. Circufiber.com socks are clinically proven to improve micro-circulation in feet and lower extremities in people with Diabetes. 

More Author Information:

Dr. Capozzi is a board-certified foot surgeon through the American Board of Foot and Ankle Surgery. He is a Diplomate of the American Academy of Wound Management and Fellow of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. He completed a three-year residency program in Foot and Ankle Reconstructive Surgery at St. Francis Hospital & Medical Center in Hartford, CT in 2010. Dr. Capozzi is a board-certified Wound Specialist® granted by the American Academy of Wound Management. He is also board-certified in Foot Surgery through the American Board of Foot and Ankle Surgery.